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Immigrants' experience with arts, culture and entertainment talents.

Immigrant artists have talents that enrich their local communities and the entire U.S. culture.  Several communities of immigrant artists are thriving in many areas of the United States, while there are various organizations to support fledgling immigrant artists. The New York Foundation for the Arts (NYFA) sponsors the Immigrant Artist Program (IAP).  The IAP Resource Directory connects immigrant artists with programs, services, and resources, and provides links to explore.  It also provides mentoring via connecting aspiring immigrant artists with artists who have an NYFA fellowship or have benefited from the program.  The free, monthly Con Edison IAP Newsletter via e-mail has cover features focused on artists.  It provides information about upcoming events and opportunities of special interest to immigrant artists, and features profiles of an artist or arts/immigrant services organization each month.  It also offers professional development tips in several languages, and includes a Mentoring Alumni Corner.

Like film and literature, the music of the United States reflects its multi-ethnic heritage in a complex of styles.  Among others, Indian musicians have influenced the American musical landscape. A prominent example is classical tabla virtuoso Ustad Zakir Hussain who popularized Indian percussive music. Besides music, The Beyond Bollywood: Indian Americans Shape the Nation exhibition displays an array of Indian arts.  The Smithsonian Institution Asian Pacific American Program will exhibit this multi-media arts show at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C. for one year (February, 2014-August, 2015).  The exhibition will then travel via the Smithsonian Institution Traveling Exhibition Service (SITES) to various venues till 2020.  It presents an assemblage of Indian arts from the 1960s to the present.  Beginning in 2008, Indian American individuals, families, and communities across the U.S. contributed stories, photos, documents, and artifacts.

 

Masum MomayaMasum Momaya;
Photo Credit: Diya TV. Permission: Masum Momaya

The curator of Beyond Bollywood, Masum Momaya explains:

The entryway to the exhibition features two old Bollywood songs, [… that] were two iconic songs for the generation that emigrated from India to the U.S. in the 1960s and 1970s. And since we are taking “Bollywood” as an emotional, conceptual, and visual point of departure in the exhibition, we included these two songs to set a nostalgic tone.

The immigrant experience is also depicted in amateur short films annually at the San Francisco Immigrant Film Festival (SFIFF) in three categories: Narrative, Animated, and Documentary Short.  The SFIFF also offers free screening of films and videos to immigrant communities at various venues throughout the year.  There is additional information at their Facebook page.  Also worth visits while in the Bay area are the American Conservatory Theater that produces a range of dramatic works; and the San Francisco Ballet, which was the first professional ballet company in the U.S.  Several miles down the Pacific coast is the West coast’s analog to New York City.  Culturally diverse Los Angeles is home to Hollywood and the epicenter of the U.S. movie business; it also has an array of museums and arts productions.  The world famous Los Angeles Philharmonic is led by its music director–Venezuelan conductor Gustavo Dudamel, who has popularized Latin orchestral music alongside classical music in the U.S. while also serving as conductor for the Simon Bólivar Symphony Orchestra of Venezuela./.facebook.com/pages/SF-Immigrant-Fil

Some immigrant artists such as Favianna Rodriguez focus on expressing political views via their art.  Documentary filmmaker Rodriguez features activist artists working for social justice in Migration Is Beautiful.  In her 2013 interview via e-mail with Katherine Brooks for The Huffington Post, Rodriguez says that while politics can be a “grotesque way of humans shaping their existence,” art shapes human experience through beauty, form, reflection, and critical analysis.  She contends that artists have the responsibility to expose and critique but also to be visionary.  Rodriguez acknowledges that the butterfly symbol is not unique to her art, but she chose it because of the “transformative nature of the creature.”  She notes that the Monarch butterfly is an appropriate symbol for the beauty of migration and the right to move freely.  To underscore this symbolism, in one of her multimedia works she wears a large pair of extended artificial wings based on the design, color, and pattern of the Monarch butterfly’s wings.

Meanwhile, various U.S. universities have developed curricula, programs, and symposia to consider and express ideas about the arts as essential to the multidimensional immigrant experience.  The University of Chicago hosted such a symposium in 2011 and organized it in collaboration with the National Endowment for the Arts.  At this “Future of the City: The Arts Symposium” in 2011, Mark J. Stern presented his article, “The Arts and Social Inclusion.” Stern notes that access and opportunity are essential to participation in the arts, and indicates that engagement in the arts is integral to social inclusion as essential to human well-being.

For talented Indian immigrants, scholarships and foundation-funded grants are available in the U.S.  Current South Asian musicians such as Pakistani alto saxophonist Rudresh Mahanthappa remark on the process of assimilation into the U.S. culture, while reclaiming their ethnic identity.  Funded by a Guggenheim scholarship, Mahanthappa went to India to learn from master of South Indian Carnatic music, Kadri Gopalnath.  Mahanthappa subsequently created his own fusion of traditional Indian and American jazz styles in collaboration with composer, Rez Abbasi and Indian American pianist Vijay Iyer—all recent and notable South Indian immigrants.

As Haitian immigrant author Edwidge Danticat indicates in Joe Fassler’s 2013 article, “All Immigrants Are Artists” for the By Heart series in The Atlantic, “Re-creating your entire life is a form of reinvention on a par with the greatest works of literature.” Danticat notes ways that immigrant parents model artistry for their children during their struggle to survive; she mentions that this process, which often requires parental sacrifices, teaches a great deal.  She points out that it’s a big departure for a child to decide to become an artist facing a precarious career rather than choosing to pursue a profession with more security such as engineering, law, or medicine. Yet, Danticat indicates that learning to integrate into a new culture requires the incremental steps, courage, ingenuity, and effort to succeed that are analogous to the risk-taking, imagination, and toil to bring a creative endeavor to fulfillment.

 

Denticat

 

Danticat focuses on three basic themes in her work: national identity, diasporic politics, and mother-daughter relationships.  In discussing her short story collection Krik? Krak! Danticat notes that writing is analogous to braiding hair, since it involves the weaving into a unified pattern of three separate strands.  She applies this principle to her written work about transnational communities, as she symbolically weaves together her three themes about identity, politics, and women in an effort to create a holistic narrative unity.

 

How to understand state and federal taxes.

If you will be working in the U.S. you will need to know about both state and federal taxes.  Taxes are paid by both U.S Residents and U.S. citizens, and pay for the government services that are provided. There are several different types of taxes, including additional taxes when you purchase property or buy an item at the store. If you are employed by an employer, all ‘taxable income’ should have the taxes automatically withheld, but there are some exceptions to this rule.

The exact amount of taxes withheld from a paycheck will be completely dependent upon the amount that you earn. An employer will give you a Federal Tax Form W-9 to complete and this will include your name, address, social security number and the number of ‘deductions’ you will  claim. If you do not have a Social Security number, and are a resident alien (permanent resident), you can apply for a Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) at your local Social Security Administration office or get the online form at www.ssa.gov.

State Taxes

Each state in the U.S. has their own set of regulations regarding state taxes.  Some states have amounts withheld from a paycheck and then you are required to file a State Tax return during the same time period as the Federal Tax return. Other states do not have that requirement. All states have a ‘sales tax’ as well as other types of taxes that you pay upon the purchase of items. Each state has a specific percentage defined for the purchase. Some of the states will not include items such as ‘food purchases’ as taxable items. You will need to examine the state requirements for the state you reside and work in.

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Federal Taxes

All Federal taxes must be applied to what is considered ‘Taxable Income’. This is any income that is earned in the United States and/ or its territories. The Internal Revenue Service (I.R.S.) form W-9 will allow you to indicate the number of deductions that you will be claiming when you file your taxes and that number will reflect the amount of tax taken out. An example of deductions would be: “1” for yourself, “2” for yourself and a spouse included on your jointly filed tax return, “3” for yourself, spouse and a child that you are supporting in your home. Seek the assistance of an accountant if you have any questions regarding the form or go to the website of: www.irs.gov.

Exceptions to Automatically Withheld Taxes

Not all employers automatically withhold taxes. There are specific guidelines employers must follow if you are a full time employee. However, if you are considered to be a subcontractor or freelance contractor, an employer does not have to withhold taxes. In these cases, you will be required to pay your own taxes during the tax filing time period. You will need to have the ability to pay your taxes during the filing process and this may require that you set aside the money that will be needed during the working year.

Accounting Services

Most Americans have difficulty understanding the Federal and State tax guidelines, so it is important that you seek the services of a reputable accountant.  An accountant will advise you on the various deductions you can take advantage of so that your tax payments are reduced. The accountant will also advise you of the required paperwork you will need to keep throughout the year as proof of your deductions and can file your State and Federal tax forms for you. Ask friends and co-workers for a reference for a good accountant and make an appointment as soon as you begin working. This smart move will often save you the expense and time in the long run, once the tax filing season is upon you.